Knee surgeries are one of the most common types of major surgeries undertaken to alleviate knee pain and injuries of any sort. Our knees bear most of the brunt of the body weight, hence they are prone to wear and tear more often than any other part of the body. However, the thing to note is that there are many different types of knee surgeries for different ailments and injuries and it is important to know what they are. Let us take a look at the various types of knee surgeries.
Different Types of Knee Surgeries
1. Total Knee Replacement
Total knee replacement surgery is one of the most commonly resorted knee surgery procedures which involves removal of the bone and cartilage on the top and bottom of the tibia. It is done in extreme cases of osteoarthritis, injury or trauma of any kind. The parts of the knee removed are replaced with artificial parts. Total knee replacement surgeries have a very high success rate and result in patients having better quality of life and alleviation of pain and discomfort. This type of surgery requires a considerable rehabilitation and recovery period for better results.
2. Partial Knee Replacement
If any one of the three components of your knee suffers from damage, i.e. medial, lateral or patellofemoral, you may need to resort to partial knee replacement. Through partial knee replacement surgery, only a small portion of the knee would be replaced giving patients considerably less recovery and rehabilitation time than total knee replacement.
3. Arthroscopic Surgery
Arthroscopic surgery is yet another popular type of knee surgery wherein a small incision will be made to insert necessary surgical tools and a small camera for conducting the surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is usually used for meniscus removal or repair, reconstruction of acl, removal of inflamed connective tissue or damaged cartilage, extraction of loose cartilage or bone, treatment of kneecap or infection of any kind.
4. Microfracture Surgery
Microfracture surgery is a type of arthroscopic surgery used to treat internal damaged cartilage in the knee joints. Microfractures of 3mm to 4mm apart are made in the exposed bone to remove damaged cartilage. Then the bone marrow cells and blood combine to form a clot to protect the damaged area. Recovery includes working with a physical therapist and undertaking light strength training exercises.
5. Meniscus Repair
Meniscus is a cartilage portion between the bones that absorbs shock and provides support. Meniscus repair is a major surgery that is undertaken to repair a damaged meniscus. If done successfully, meniscus repair surgery can restore the knees to normal functioning. It requires a significant recovery period and the patient is advised not to undertake any sports activities until full recovery. Meniscus repair is not a fairly common procedure as it involves several risks and cannot be performed if there is a limit in blood supply.
Meniscectomy is a type of knee surgery that involves the removal of a portion of the meniscus cartilage. Meniscectomy is performed to repair a torn meniscus. During a meniscectomy surgery, tears in the meniscus are trimmed to alleviate pain and discomfort. The recovery period post meniscectomy is typically 4-6 weeks.
7. ACL Reconstruction Knee Surgery
Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL is one of the major ligaments of the knee. Damage to the ACL may be due to a sports injury or something similar. A damaged ACL may cause excruciating pain, weakened knees and issues with mobility. All this prompts the patient to undergo ACL reconstruction knee surgery, which is an outpatient procedure and can be undergone within 2-3 hours.
Whatever be your reason to undergo knee surgery, the most important factor is to choose a safe, reputed and experienced medical partner, who are experts in knee surgery. To ensure nothing goes awry during surgery and that you get the best treatment before, during and after surgery, you need to give utmost importance to the hospital you choose to undergo knee surgery.
If you seek to undergo knee surgery, Nanoori Hospital would be your safest bet. Nanoori spine & joint clinic is renowned worldwide for our expertise and quality of service in providing top notch total knee replacement in Dubai procedures in the most safe and affordable manner. With world class facilities, well trained and qualified surgeons and the best in the business reputation that remains unmatched, Nanoori hospital is here for you to treat all your knee replacement woes. Our doctors are here to serve you.