In glycosuria, a person’s urine contains more glucose (sugar) than normal. It occurs because of high blood glucose levels or kidney damage. Glycosuria is a common sign in both type 1 diabetics and type 2 diabetics. Renal glycosuria results in a damage of kidneys. It is a rare condition. This develops when an individual’s sugar levels are normal, but the kidneys are unable to retain sugar. This results in spilling of sugar into the urine in increased amounts. This article looks at the signs, causes, and treatments of glycosuria and its link with diabetes.
An individual with glycosuria may experience accidental, night time urination. Generally, the urine is free of sugar. This is because the kidneys reabsorb it from the blood. As it passes via the body. Glycosuria happens when the urine comprises more sugar than normal. When there is an excess of sugar in the blood, the kidneys fail to reabsorb it. When this problem occurs, the body excretes sugar from the body via urine. For this to occur, the blood glucose concentration needs to exceed 180 mg/dl.
A urine test reveals a person has glycosuria before he or she realizes it. In certain cases, this is a red flag for formerly undiagnosed diabetes.
Doctors evaluate the amount of sugar in the urine. This can be done by testing a urine sample. If undiagnosed and untreated, glycosuria can result in signs like:
- accidental urination
- intense hunger
- more frequent urination
- intense thirst or dehydration
- night time urination
Diabetics may experience additional symptoms. These can be:
- vision problems
- unexplained weight loss
- minor cuts and abrasions that take a long time to heal
- darkening skin near armpits, neck, or other regions of folded skin
Gestational diabetes may present signs similar to type 2 diabetes. Yet, it is often asymptomatic and gets detected via routine screening during pregnancy.
Conditions influencing the glucose levels are characteristically responsible for glycosuria. The most common underlying reasons for glycosuria include type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is the most common reason for glycosuria. In type 2 diabetes, pancreas fail to produce enough insulin or the insulin becomes unproductive. This results in decreased body’s capacity to control the levels of blood glucose. When the blood sugar elevates, it may result in blood glucose to enter the urine. And, this brings about glycosuria.
Type 1 diabetes develops because of progressive destruction of pancreatic cells. This results in reduced insulin production. When there is insufficient insulin in the body, it is unable to regulate the glucose levels. Individuals with type 1 diabetes need daily treatment. This is given with insulin to manage high levels.
During pregnancy, a female might experience glucose in her urine. The kidneys allow more glucose to leave the female’s body during pregnancy. This implies that glycosuria is not an appropriate method for diagnosing gestational diabetes. Rather, doctors diagnose gestational diabetes by making use of blood tests.
Renal glycosuria is a hereditary or acquired condition. It happens when damaged kidneys fail to filter glucose or other substances off the urine.
If an individual’s glycosuria occurs because of an underlying condition like diabetes, they must work with their doctor. His or her doctor can help the patient develop a treatment plan.
Possible treatment options for diabetes include:
- modifying the diet to add in more fresh veggies and fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins
- performing regular exercise
- using oral or injectable drugs for type 2 diabetes
- injecting insulin daily for individuals with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes
- tracking glucose levels to identify how food, therapies, and activity influence them
It is not always possible to avoid glycosuria. Yet, by itself it is not a major cause for concern. Rather, a doctor must treat the underlying condition like diabetes or kidney problems. Even though, it is not possible to prevent type 1 diabetes. People may sometimes prevent type 2 diabetes by:
- limiting their sugar consumption
- having a balanced diet
- exercising regularly
- maintaining a healthy weight.
Also, if you wish to know more glycosuria and diabetes, consult a certified diabetes educator. Any person can also take guidance from diabetes reversal plans. One such tremendous plan is Breathe Well-being. We are here to help diabetics to feel motivated again. Breathe Well-being’s Diabetes Reversal program is a customized research-backed platform for diabetics. This reversal plan helps maintain healthy glucose levels in a natural way. So, hurry and get benefits from our cost-effective package by visiting our website. No more medicines, no more insulin, no more pain, or risk of complications. Recover your overall health with Breathe Well-Being.